PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY AGAINST SHIPS

REPORT FOR THE PERIOD

1 January - 30 June 2017



TABLE 1: Locations of ACTUAL and ATTEMPTED attacks, January - June 2013 - 2017


Location20132014201520162017
SE ASIA Indonesia4847542419
Malacca Straits113  
Malaysia391143
Philippines124313
Singapore Straits466 1
Thailand  1  
EAST China   51
ASIA South China Sea2    
Vietnam31133 
INDIAN Bangladesh6101125
SUB CONT India644131
AMERICAS Brazil 1   
Colombia61222
Ecuador3   1
Guyana1  11
Haiti  1  
Peru4  42
Venezuela   26
AFRICA Angola 1 11
Cameroon 1   
Democratic Rep. of Congo  12 
Egypt5    
Gabon 1   
Ghana 22  
Guinea1 3  
Gulf of Aden*44 12
Ivory Coast31111
Kenya  121
Liberia 11  
Mauritania1    
Mozambique1 1 1
Nigeria2210112413
Red Sea* 2  1
Sierra Leone11  4
Somalia43  4
South Africa   1 
Tanzania11   
The Congo23211
Togo52 1 
REST Iran    1
OF Oman 1  1
WORLD Papua New Guinea  1  
Yemen   11
Subtotal for six months1381161349887
Total at year end264245246191 
 



CHART A: The following seven 



  

    


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PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY PRONE AREAS AND WARNINGS 

Mariners are warned to be extra cautious and to take necessary precautionary measures when transiting the following areas:


SOUTH EAST ASIA AND INDIAN SUB CONTINENT

Bangladesh: Robbers usually target ships preparing to anchor. Most attacks reported at Chittagong anchorages and approaches. However, attacks in Bangladesh have fallen significantly over the past few years because of the efforts by the Bangladesh Authorities.

China: Tianjin/Caofeidian - Incidents mostly at anchorage area.

India: Sikka and Kandla : Incidents reported at port and anchorage areas.

Indonesia: Tanjung Priok - Jakarta, off Bintan Island, Dumai, off Karimun Island, Nipah, Batu Ampar/Batam, Samarinda and Belawan anchorage and surrounding waters. Pirates / robbers normally armed with guns / knives and / or machetes. Generally be vigilant in other areas. Many attacks may have gone unreported. Pirates / robbers normally attack vessels during the night. When spotted and alarm sounded, the pirates / robbers usually escape without confronting the crew.

Recent meetings and continued dialog between the Indonesian Marine Police (IMP) and the IMB PRC resulted in positive actions by the Indonesian Authorities which had so far brought incidents to come down.

The Indonesian Marine Police have advised all ships intending to anchor to do so at / near the following areas where Indonesian Marine Police will conduct patrols for greater protection.

1.  Belawan: 03:55.00N - 098:45.30E

2.   Dumai: 01:42.00N-101:28.00E

3.  Nipah: 01:07.30N-103:37.00E

4.   Tanjung Priok: 06:00.30S-106:54.00E

5.   Gresik: 07:09.00S-112:40.00E

6.   Taboneo: 04:41.30S-114:28.00E

7.   Adang bay: 01:40.00S-116:40.00E

8.  Muara Berau: 00:17.00S-117:36.00E

9.   Muara Jawa: 01:09.00S-117:13.00E

10.  Balikpapan: 01:22.00S-116:53.00E

11.  Bintan Island: 01:21.00N-104:29.00E

Ships are advised to maintain strict anti-piracy watch and measures and report all attacks and suspicious sightings to the local authorities and IMB PRC. The IMB PRC will also liaise with the local authorities to render necessary assistance.

 

 

SOUTH EAST ASIA AND INDIAN SUB CONTINENT
 
Bangladesh: Robbers usually target ships preparing to anchor. Most attacks reported at Chittagong anchorages and approaches. Attacks in Bangladesh have fallen significantly over the past few years because of the efforts by the Bangladesh Authorities.
 
China: Tianjin/Caofeidian – New area has emerged. Incidents mostly at anchorage area.
 
India: Sikka and Kandla – Incidents reported at port and anchorage areas.
 
Indonesia: Tanjung Priok – Jakarta, off Bintan Island, Dumai, off Karimun Island, Nipah, Pulau Takong Kecil and Belawan anchorage and surrounding waters. Pirates / robbers normally armed with guns / knives and / or machetes. Generally be vigilant in other areas. Many attacks may have gone unreported. Pirates / robbers normally attack vessel during the night. When spotted and alarm sounded, the pirates / robbers usually escape without confronting the crew.
 

Recent meetings and continued dialog between the Indonesian Marine Police (IMP) and the IMB PRC has resulted in positive actions by the Indonesian Authorities, which has led to a reduction of reported incidents.

The IMP has advised all ships intending to anchor to do so at / near the following areas where patrol boats are stationed for the protection of ships.


 
1. Belawan: 03:55.00N-098:45.30E
2. Dumai: 01:42.00N-101:28.00E
3. Nipah: 01:07.30N-103:37.00E
4. Tanjung Priok: 06:00.30S-106:54.00E
5. Gresik: 07:09.00S-112:40.00E
6. Taboneo: 04:41.30S-114:28.00E
7. Adang bay: 01:40.00S-116:40.00E
8. Muara Berau: 00:17.00S-117:36.00E
9. Muara Jawa: 01:09.00S-117:13.00E
10. Balikpapan: 01:22.00S-116:53.00E

The Indonesian Authorities have advised IMB officially that in accordance with the Road Map Program Police Reforms Wave III, prevention action of sea robbery / piracy in the above given ten locations in Indonesian waters will continue until 2019. 

Ships are advised to implement anti-piracy measures and report all attacks and suspicious sightings to the local authorities and the IMB PRC, who will also liaise with the local authorities to render necessary assistance. 

Malacca Straits: The number of reported attacks have reduced substantially since 2005, due to the patrols by the littoral states authorities. In 2016, no incidents were reported in these waters to the IMB PRC however, attacks may have gone unreported. Ships are advised to continue maintaining anti-piracy / robbery watches when transiting the Straits as there are currently no indications as to how long the patrols will continue. 

Malaysia: Off Sabah - Militant activities resulting in tugs / barges / fishing boats being attacked and crews kidnapped. 

Philippines: Pirates / militants in the southern Philippines attacking vessels in / off Sibutu passage / off Sibutu island / Tawi Tawi / Sulu sea / Celebes sea / off eastern Sabah. Initially tug / barges and fishing vessels were targeted to rob and kidnap crews for ransom. Now, merchant ships and their crews have also been targeted.

Batangas - A sudden rise in attacks / robberies have been reported from the anchorage area. 

Singapore Straits: Vessels are advised to remain vigilant and to continue maintaining adequate antipiracy / robbery watch and measures. Pirates / robbers attack ships while underway or while at anchor especially during the night. 

South China Sea: Although attacks have dropped significantly in the vicinity off Tioman / off Pulau Aur / off Anambas / Natuna / Mangkai islands / Subi Besar / Merundung areas, vessels are advised to continue to remain vigilant, especially at night. In the past, hijackings of small product tankers have been reported off the coast of Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and in the South China Sea area. This trend started in April 2014 and the hijackings stopped abruptly in late 2015. The IMB is monitoring the situation. It has been reported that some criminals have been arrested by local Authorities both in Malaysia and in Indonesia. 


The Indonesian Authorities have advised IMB officially that in accordance with the Road Map Program Police Reforms Wave III, prevention action of sea robbery / piracy in the above given ten locations in Indonesian waters will continue until 2019.

 

Ships are advised to implement anti-piracy measures and report all attacks and suspicious sightings to the local authorities and the IMB PRC, who will also liaise with the local authorities to render necessary assistance.

 

Malacca Straits: The number of reported attacks have reduced substantially since 2005, due to the patrols by the littoral states authorities. In 2016, no incidents were reported in these waters to the IMB PRC however, attacks may have gone unreported. Ships are advised to continue maintaining anti-piracy / robbery watches when transiting the Straits as there are currently no indications as to how long the patrols will continue.

 

Malaysia: Off Sabah - Militant activities resulting in tugs / barges / fishing boats being attacked and crews kidnapped.

 

Philippines: Pirates / militants in the southern Philippines attacking vessels in / off Sibutu passage / off Sibutu island / Tawi Tawi / Sulu sea / Celebes sea / off eastern Sabah. Initially tug / barges and fishing vessels were targeted to rob and kidnap crews for ransom. Now, merchant ships and their crews have also been targeted.

Batangas - A sudden rise in attacks / robberies have been reported from the anchorage area.

 

Singapore Straits: Vessels are advised to remain vigilant and to continue maintaining adequate antipiracy / robbery watch and measures. Pirates / robbers attack ships while underway or while at anchor especially during the night.

 

South China Sea: Although attacks have dropped significantly in the vicinity off Tioman / off Pulau Aur / off Anambas / Natuna / Mangkai islands / Subi Besar / Merundung areas, vessels are advised to continue to remain vigilant, especially at night. In the past, hijackings of small product tankers have been reported off the coast of Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and in the South China Sea area. This trend started in April 2014 and the hijackings stopped abruptly in late 2015. The IMB is monitoring the situation. It has been reported that some criminals have been arrested by local Authorities both in Malaysia and in Indonesia.

 

Vietnam: Vung Tau – Increased in attacks especially at anchorages.


 

AFRICA AND RED SEA


Benin: Cotonou - Although the number of attacks has dropped significantly, the area remains risky. Past attacks showed that the pirates / robbers in this area are well armed and violent. In some incidents ships have been fired upon and hijacked. Masters were forced to sail to unknown location where ship's properties and sometimes part cargo stolen (gas oil). Crewmembers have been injured in the past. Recent patrols by Benin and Nigerian Authorities has resulted in a drop in the number of attacks. However, vessels are advised to continue to be vigilant and maintain strict anti-piracy / robbery watches and measures.

 

Guinea: Conakry.

 

Ivory Coast: Abidjan - Attacks dropped but remains risky.

 

Nigeria: Lagos - Pirates / robbers are often well armed, violent and have hijacked and robbed vessels and kidnapped and injured crews along the coast, rivers, anchorages, ports and surrounding waters. In the past, attacks have been reported up to 170nm from the coast. Vessels have usually been hijacked to steal cargo. During the hijack the vessel is usually ransacked and communication equipment damaged.

 

Off Bayelsa / Brass/Bonny Island / Port Harcourt - Recently, there has been an increase in the number of reported attacks / hijackings / kidnapping of crews off these areas. Vessels are advised to take additional measures in these high-risk waters.Generally, all waters in / off Nigeria remain risky. Vessels are advised to be vigilant, as many attacks may have gone unreported.

 

The Congo: Pointe Noire

 

Togo: Lome - Attacks have dropped but the area remains a concern and risky. Pirates / robbers in the area are well armed, violent and dangerous. Attacks can occur at anchorages and off the coast, usually at night. Some attacks have resulted in vessels being hijacked for several days, ransacked and part cargo stolen (gas oil).

 

Red Sea / Gulf of Aden / Somalia / Arabian Sea / Indian Ocean: Three vessels have been hijacked off Somalia taking the total, this year, to seven. Somali pirates continue to possess the capability and capacity to carry out attacks. It appears that they may now be seeking the opportunity as well. All merchant ships are advised to adhere to the latest BMP4 recommendations while transiting these waters. The IMB PRC will continue to alert and broadcast information to all ships in the region via Inmarsat EGC Safety Net.

 

The threat of these attacks still exists in the waters off southern Red Sea / Bab el Mandeb, Gulf of Aden including Yemen and the northern Somali coast, Arabian sea / off Oman, Gulf of Oman and off the eastern and southern Somali coast. In the past vessels have been attacked off Kenya, Tanzania, Seychelles, Madagascar, Mozambique as well as in the Indian ocean and off the west and south coasts of India and west Maldives.

 

Somali pirates tend to be well armed with automatic weapons and RPG and sometimes use skiffs launched from mother vessels, which may be hijacked fishing vessels or dhows, to conduct attacks far from the Somali coast. Masters and ship owners are encouraged to register and report their vessels as per the BMP4 procedures and ensure that their vessel is hardened prior to entering the high-risk area. While transiting through these waters it is essential to maintain a 24-hour visual and radar watch. Early sightings / detection enables an accurate assessment, keeping in mind the warnings and alerts for the area, allowing the Masters and PCASP to make informed decisions to keep clear of small boats, dhows, fishing vessels and if necessary take evasive actions and request assistance as needed.

 

Masters are reminded that fishermen in this region may try to protect their nets by attempting to aggressively approach merchant vessels. Some of the fishermen may be armed to protect their catch and they should not be confused with pirates.

 

SOUTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN WATERS

 

Ecuador: Guayaquil - Attacks stopped but ships advised to be vigilant. Peru: Callao - Incidents increasing.

 

Reporting of incidents: 

Ships are advised to maintain strict anti-piracy watches and report all piratical attacks (actual and attempted) and suspicious sightings to the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Tel: +60 3 2078 5763 Fax: +60 3 2078 5769 E-mail: imbkl@icc-ccs.org The Centre's 24 Hours Anti-Piracy HELPLINE is: +60 3 2031 0014

 

IMB Maritime Security Hotline

The IMB Maritime Security Hotline is dedicated for all maritime and concerned parties to report any information that they may have seen / heard / known etc. relating to maritime crime and security including terrorism, piracy and other illegal activities. All information received will be treated in strict confidence and will be passed on to relevant Authorities for further action.

 

The Maritime Security Hotline can be contacted 24 hours every day at:

Tel: +60 3 2031 0014 Fax: +60 3 2078 5769 E-mail: imbsecn.ritv@icc-ccs.org

 

REMEMBER: Your information may save lives.


DOCUMENTS

ANTI-PIRACY POSTER

GUIDE FOR TANKERS OPERATING IN ASIA AGAINST PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY INVOLVING OIL CARGO THEFT

GUIDELINES FOR TUG BOATS AND BARGES AGAINST PIRACY AND SEA ROBBERY (12 JAN 12)

REGIONAL GUIDE TO COUNTER PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY AGAINST SHIPS IN ASIA

TUG BOATS AND BARGES GUIDE AGAINST PIRACY AND SEA ROBBERY

 

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